作者： 家常菜谱辣 来源家常菜谱辣 发布时间2019-03-17
J: This movie is so touching and sweet.
B: Exactly. The heroine looks familiar.
J： You mean Meryl Streep? Yeah, she did a very good job in this movie. Recently I had learned that she is a graduate from Yale University.
B: Wow, that’s news to me. I always held the idea that Yale has nothing to do with2) entertainment.
J： It's common to think that way because Yale is known as “the cradle of leadership”.
B: Yeah. A galaxy of luminaries in the political circle, such as former President Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, spent their prime time at Yale.
J: There is a saying at Yale: “Incautiously, you will teach a President to come”.
B: Yes. There have been five presidents and one vice-president, as well as many heads of state, prime ministers and ministers from Yale in American history.
J: That may owe to Yale’s leader’s education, I think.
B: I’m for it.
J: That reminds me of the story of former President George W. Bush. It is said that he was not as outstanding as his father on campus. He was a dark horse in U.S. political history.
B： He had served as the President for 8 years. During his office, the diplomatic flexibility and wits he and his Vice President exhibited in the political arena are very impressive. All these achievements are closely related to their education at Yale.
J: Indeed it is. A Yale degree is worth a lot, as Bush often mentioned Dick Cheney， who studied at Yale, but left a little early. He said that if you graduate from Yale (like himself, even if he was just a C student), you become President; if you drop out, you get to be Vice President.
J：的确。耶鲁的学位还是很值钱的，正如小布什经常提及的副总统迪克切尼，他 也曾在耶鲁读书，只是还没到毕业就辍学了。布什说，如果你拿到了耶鲁的学位， 你就能成为总统(正如他自己，虽然读书期间平均成绩只取得C);中途退学就只 能当副总统了。
B：He is really humorous. I heard there is a secret society named Skull and Bones at Yale, many leaders in politics, law, education and business are members of it.
Well, I know it is a secret club for the “power elite’.
B：It seems that Yale really lives up to the reputation of “the cradle of leadership”.
J:It is. The outstanding political couple, former President Bill Clinton and current Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, are also Yalies.
B：Then why Yale is the alma mater of so many illustrious persons?
J:I get this information from the newspaper, reading that Yale shows its very concern for the society, and lays its stress ons) the concept of leaders training. The mission of Yale is t治疗癫痫的药物有哪些o develop the intelligence, sense of responsibility and creativity of the students so that they can serve the country and American people.
B: Has Yale achieved any fulfillment in science and technology?
J： Of course. Yale is well-known as a source of Nobel Prize winners in science field, although it does better in the aspect of arts study.
B: I major in Finance, are there any stories about financiers at Yale?
J： Sure. You must be quite familiar with Jim Rogers, who is one alumnus of Yale.
B: Really? I thought he graduated from Oxford University.
J： To some degree, we can say in that way. He graduated with a bachelor’s degree from Yale University in 1964，and then he acquired a second BA degree from Oxford University in 1966.
B: He is a successful investor, well-known for the Quantum Fund.
J: In addition, the former President of Coca-Cola, Roberto Goizueta, also left his footprint at Yale.
B: Under the direction of Goizueta, Coca-Cola became a top U.S. corporation. He is credited with invigorating the company with a global vision. In the process, he created more wealth for shareholders than any other CEO in history.
J: It sounds you really do good jobs in your major.
B: Sure. Surprised?
J： A little.
A:Hey, what are you doing?
J:I overheard two students talking about Lei Zhang’s donation to Yale University. I had heard a little about the matter, now I’m learning the details.
A:I’ve heard of that news, too. He made a contribution of $8,888,888 to Yale, didn’t he?
J:That’s right. It amounts to RMB 60,000,000 and more.
A:That’s a lot of money!
J:A storm of protest has evidently broken out in China expressing unease and anger over this donation. Many people scolded him for donating so much money to a foreign university instead of his Alma Mater-Renmin University of China. They said he forgot his origin.
J:很明显，这在中国掀起一股反对之声，纷纷表达对张磊此次捐款的不安与愤怒。 很多人责骂他，把这么大一笔钱捐给一所国外大学，而不捐给自己的母校——中 国人民大学。他们说他忘了本。
A:To my knowledge，on the reason why he donated to Yale, Zhang said Yale had changed his life. Yale must have really made a big difference in the man’s life.
J:Indeed, it is said that Lei Zhang started Hillhouse Capital Management with $30,000,000 from Yale’s endowments. So his performance is understandable.
A: Yale treats its students generously，and it癫痫病哪个医院治得好s students will remember the school’s kindness and return the favor after graduation. What could be a more ideal relationship than this?
J: Yes. It’s a question worth careflil deliberation. Why a foreign university can attract so much money from a Chinese student while Chinese universities can not?
A: Well, I think the matter is complicated. It’s a matter of culture as well as social circumstances. Hopefully, in the near future, our education system could be sound enough to attract Lei Zhangs.
J: In fact, many American universities count on alumni endowments. Yale is one of the most successful ones. It has been a private university since 1817 and had undergone a harsh time on her road to independence. With no government appropriation，alumni，s donations have been vital to the university.
J：事实上，许多美国大学都倚赖校友捐赠，而耶鲁是其中较成功的一所。从1817 年起，耶鲁就是一所私立大学，自立之路充满艰辛。设有了政府拨款，校友的捐 助对这所大学来说，尤为重要。
A: Is there any organization operating the system, or do alumni donate directly to the school?
J: Sure. There are many Yale alumni groups all around the world.
A: How much do you know? Tell me about it.
J: There are over 140 domestic Yale clubs and associations and more than 40 international clubs providing a “Yale away from Yale”.
A: What do you mean by “Yale away from Yale”?
J： These clubs and associations keep alumni connected to the University, to their local communities, and to each other. No matter how long you have graduated from the university, these alumni groups will keep in touch changes of Yale in time.
A: How do these organizations operate with you and inform you the new
J: These alumni groups are run by volunteers and reflect Yale’s core values of education, community and service. Yale clubs offer alumni a wide variety of activities, services, and opportunities.
A: I see. Through these activities, the sense of community gets reinforced.
J: You’re right. These alumni groups provide valuable resources. You canindle',event)"> rekindle old friendships, make new acquaintances, continue lifelong learning, enjoy special events, and explore professional opportunities.
A: In this way, more and more Yalies achieve success through mutual aid, and in turn they will think of paying back for all these good things their Alma Mater provides.
J: Yeah. What’s more, The Association of Yale Alumni oversees the direction of all these alumni organizations and programs, so that they’ll function very well.
A: It must be a huge alumni system. No wonder Yale has gr癫痫病费用高吗own up to be such a powerful university. It’s a community of all its alumni.
L: Hi, Sarah.
S: Hi, Louis. Long time no see.
L: Yeah. It seems that you are always busy. Where are you going?
S: Well. I’d just finished my Latin class. I found it interesting and want to know more, so I’m going to the library to find some relative books.
L: Latin class? I haven’t heard about that. Is it a course given in Foreign Languages Department?
S: Nope. During this semester, there are a series of public elective courses on classical languages. The teacher is from Holland. He has been teaching in China for several years.
L: What do you mean by “classical languages”?
S: Well. Besides Latin, he also opens other courses such as Hittite and Ancient Greek.
L: Are you studying all these languages?
S: Yeah. That’s why I，m so busy. Anyway, I enjoy to learn new languages and get to know ancient civilization. You know, language is a wonderful manifestation of history.
L: I agree. By the way, what do you mean by “Hittite”? I haven’t heard about it before.
S: It is an Indo-European language, and is related to languages such as Ancient Greek, Latin, Vedic, and so on. Within the Indo-European language family, Hittite is the oldest attested to date. Hittites used to live in today’s Turkey but there is now no native speaker of this language.
S:是印欧语言中的一种，它与古希腊语、拉丁语、吠陀语等古老语言都有联系。赫 梯语是迄今为土证实的印欧语系中最古老的语言。赫梯人曾经生活在今天的土耳 其那块儿，但是现在已经设有真正的赫梯人了。
L： So it’s a dead language.
S: Actually, not only Hittite, Latin and Ancient Greek are also considered to be “dead languages”.
L: Then, why do you spend so much time on dead languages?
S: I’ll ask you a question first. Have you heard of “general education”?
L: Sounds so familiar. Is it the same as Chinese quality-oriented education?
S: Yeah. In my opinion, they are similar. What do you think about “general education”?
L： Actually I don’t know any detail about it. It’s said that American students have Latin classes at junior high school.
S: That’s true. And it is the case in many western countries. Originally, the concept came from “liberal education” in Ancient Greek. The term “general education” first appeared in America after the release of the Yale Report of 1828. In the report, it was argued that the appropriate object of a collegiate education is to lay the foundation of a superior education rather than train students to be qualified professional workers. That is to say, all the student驻马店市癫痫病研究院s should learn the basic things.
S:是的。很多西方国家都是这样的。其概念可追溯至古希腊时期的"自由教育"(或 称"博雅教育”理念。“通识教育"的说法最早出现在美国，是在《1828年耶鲁报告》发表之后。《耶鲁报告〉指出，大学教育的目标在于为更高层次的教育奠定基础， 而不是把学生训练成合格的职业工作者。就是说，大学期间，学生的任务就是学 习一些基础的东西。
L: But why should all the students in a college be required to tread in the same steps? Why should not each one be allowed to select those branches of study which are most to his taste, which are best adapted to his peculiar talents, and which are most nearly connected with his intended profession?
S: According to general education, these are to be learned in the professional and practical schools. Through general education, students enter upon some elementary truths, and will get to know whether he or she has a taste or capacity for a science.
S:以通识教育的观点来看，这些都是在职业学校要学的东西。接受了通识教育，学 生就能够接触到一些基本常识，这样，才能判断自己是否对某一学科真地感兴趣， 是否有这方面的天分。
L: I see. If he is really destitute of talent sufficient for the common departments of education, he is destined for some narrow sphere of action. However, if he acquires a thorough5 knowledge of the principles of science, he may then educate himself and make proper choice.
L:我明白了。如果没有发挥学生多方面的才能，那么，他的活动范围注定会是很狭 隘的;相反，如果能对学科各个方面有个全面的了解，他就可以实现自我教育， 做出正确的选择了。
S: Yes. Actually, we are easily made to believe that we have no capacity for the study of a science because we know little or nothing about it.
L: Still I have a question. Under the general education system, what is a young man fitted for when he takes his degree? Does he come forth7 from the college qualified for, for example, business?
S: Well, if he stops here, the answer is No. His education is begun, but not completed.
L: Then the college should be reproached because it doesn’t provide its students with the skills tomake a living.
S: Just imagine. Do we complain of the mason who has laid the foundation of a house but has not finished the building since the product of his labor is not habitable?
S:设想，泥瓦匠为建设一所房子铺设了地基，但是并设有完成建造房子这项工作， 这样一来，他的工作成果是没有居住价值的。那么，我们有理由谴责他的工作做 得不好吗?
S: The role of a mason is similar to that of a college. A well-planned general education program of study will provide students with the foundation they will need to excel in whatever disciplines they choose to pursue.
L: You are right. So it would be useful to take classical classes. By the way, when will be the next class from that classical scholar? I’d like to go with you.
S: Tonight there will be a Hittite class at 7 p.m. Maybe we can go together.
L: Ok. Now, maybe you’d like to help me with the lessons since you have already covered a lot.
S: No problem. Let’s sit down there and have a talk.
L： You are really nice. Thank you very much.
S： Never mention it.